Skin Discoloration: Freckles also known as Summer Spots
These small yellow or brown spots may appear on the skin if it is exposed to hot or windy weather conditions.
People with fair skin and blonde or red hair are more affected by this type of skin discoloration.
The external weather conditions can lead to an increase in skin pigmentation in small areas in the deeper part of the epidermis.
Skin Discoloration: Cyanosis (Bluish)
This skin discoloration is mainly seen on the face or extremities.
As the pigmentation of the skin is directly related to the circulation of the blood, blood that is not properly oxygenated can give a bluish appearance to the skin.
The nails, lips, ear tips, cheeks are often affected.
Blood that gives a bluish appearance to the skin may be the result of blocked air passages, diseased lungs, or poor circulation, for example, as a result of heart disease.
Skin Discoloration: Pregnancy or Menopause
Chloasma is another name given to skin discoloration during pregnancy.
The hormonal changes which occur in a woman's body during pregnancy can effect the pigmentation of the skin, especially in women with darker skin. Large, dark blotches may appear, especially on the face.
The condition normally reduces and/or disappears after delivery.
This form of skin discoloration can occur during the menopause and it may also affect women using oral contraceptives.
How To Reduce Skin Discoloration
As skin discoloration is often due to the increase in production of the skin pigment melanin, it is important to avoid conditions which may exacerbate the problem.
For example, individuals prone to this problem need to wear sunscreen and avoid direct sunlight as much as possible.
Increasing vitamin C intake can also help as this helps to reduce the skin's sensitivity to the sun.
Read "Your Best Face: Looking Your Best Without
by Brandith Irwin, Mark McPherson